IIOT

How does IoT help in machine building? How exactly does the process work?
By -H D Kulkarni, Ahmednagar | 27-11-2017 09:48 pm Monday
Business goals are driving machine builders for adopting Industrial IoT. Various components together make up Industrial IoT. These advancements have changed the way machine are being built. Conventional method of building a machine usually starts with a concept, design, mechanics, electrical and finally software. With this approach, machine builders tend to spend least amount of time on software. Also, the idea of this conventional approach was to tackle the delivery times on the electronics and electrical components. Due to this, the software teams get a very short time for development. Software developers at machine builders are no longer required to wait for mechanical and electronics to start development. Even the design team does not need to release a drawing and then make corrections to the designs in case the design does not match the electronics or vice versa. The question is how is this made possible? The answer to the above is Digital Twin, which is another aspect of digitalisation. It leads to a faster time to market, reduces development costs and can help avoid re-work. With digital twin, it is possible for the machine builders design team to simulate the mechanics with the electronics. This helps them to optimize the electronics. While selecting a motor for an application, usually to be on the safer side designers select a motor and a drive a bit on the higher side from experience. However, this is a cost as increasing the rating usually increases the cost of the machine. If by chance the selection goes wrong and has a lower rating then it leads to tripping of the drive while functioning. This too increases cost due to bad selection. With digital twin it is possible to simulate right from the mechanics to electronics and virtualise the machines before even starting the actual machine. This will avoid the huge costs, which might have been incurred due to wrong selection or incompatibility. B&R supports model-based development at whatever level of detail it is implemented – with modelling, simulation and virtual commissioning woven into its entire product portfolio. B&R helps machine builders to virtually develop their machines without the need of actual mechanics and electronics with Digital Twin. Automation Studio the single tool for programming all B&R components has an inbuilt simulation environment, which enables simulation of controls, I/Os and even motion components. Apart from hardware, software and technology scalability with B&R system, machine builders can simulate the entire electronics even before they receive the hardware and development of this machine software is platform independent. Using Maple Sim and Matlab, machine builders can even simulate the mechanics for dynamic modelling of machines and machine components. This simulation can be then imported in Automation Studio, enabling the Indian SMEs to have a simulation environment down to the mechanics. Early testing and virtual commissioning can help keep errors in check despite increasingly complex application code. Simulated control systems linked to virtual machine components make it possible to verify application code long before the first prototype machine goes into operation. Indian SMEs with B&R virtual commissioning can accelerate and streamline the process of commissioning the actual machine. It will minimise risk and ensure that project deadlines and quality targets are met reliably. To know more about digital twin and the possibilities with B&R Industrial Automation visit the website https://www.br-automation.com/en-in/products/software/modeling-simulation/
Answered By -Ninad Deshpande, Head of Marketing, B&R Industrial Automation. | 27-11-2017 09:48 pm Monday
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How can IoT benefit a whole lot with model based systems engineering?
By Ambarish Ganesh, Marketing and Communications Lead at Intercax LLC | 27-11-2017 09:45 pm Monday
Model Based Engineering is a development paradigm that advocates application of visual modelling principles throughout Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC). Theoretically any software system will benefit with this approach as complete development is based on an ‘Architecture Model’ and that model is driven by user requirements. But what if you need to build a system without knowing the exact requirements? And that is exactly what is required for an IoT System. I am not an expert in MBE, so I won’t talk about this particular technique/methodology of software development. However, what is important to understand is why an IoT system should be platform driven and configurable. Internet of Things (IoT) is a technology paradigm and it fits very well for thousands of types of applications. More types are evolving every day. Now developing tailor made software for each of these application types will require huge resources and time. Also by the time these applications are ready, requirements will further evolve necessitating further development. So a platform driven approach must be used where a generic platform offers base functionality and specific business functionality of an IoT application is realised by configuration of the platform and custom development of specific components that fit seamlessly into the platform. IoT architecture model is fairly well defined and hence suitable for platform driven approach. The architecture is divided into ‘Edge Tier’ and ‘Platform Tier’. There is also an ‘Enterprise Tier’ in Industrial IoT systems. Please refer to this link of Industrial Internet Reference Architecture (IIRA) put together by Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC): http://www.iiconsortium.org/IIRA.htm The ‘Edge Tier’ is distributed and has ‘things’ and ‘edge gateway’. The edge gateway collects data from things and does some ‘edge processing’. The ‘Platform Tier’ is usually in cloud. It collates data from all edge gateways, runs business rules on this data and provides visualisation and analytics. Thus any IoT system has some essential building blocks or components like data acquisition, edge processing, edge analytics, device management, stream analytics, data aggregation, business rule engine, business analytics to name a few. Thus following things are required to create a flexible and adaptable IoT platform: • An architecture model that defines various components listed above, relationships between the components, interfaces of each component and a mechanism to add custom plug-ins • A generic platform based on this architecture model, and • A comprehensive configuration/parameterisation tool to customise the platform for specific IoT applications.
Answered By Sujata Tilak, MD, Ascent Intellimation Pvt Ltd. | 27-11-2017 09:45 pm Monday
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Automation means many things, but in simple terms, what is automation in industry?
By Vishal Kumar, Mumbai | 27-11-2017 09:36 pm Monday
Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilisation of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention, with some processes have been completely automated. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, planes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. The benefit of automation includes labour savings, savings in energy costs, savings in material costs, and improvements to quality, accuracy and precision.
Answered By Ramani Iyer | 27-11-2017 09:36 pm Monday
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What is the purpose of a Machining Centre in an engine manufacturing unit?
By Tushar Sonawane, Nashik | 14-11-2017 01:01 pm Tuesday
An automobile engine is a complex piece of equipment in an automobile. The basic engine block with its recesses for pistons, fuel injection ports and exhaust ports is manufactured as a single piece from the foundry. Machining, boring, finishing are all achieved sequentially with a cutting/planing/finishing tool following one another to obtain uniformity. Thus the Machining Centre incorporates all the jigs and fixtures as well as cutting tools built into one location operation.
Answered By | 14-11-2017 01:01 pm Tuesday
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How has automation helped the machine tool industry?
By Mr Ramani Iyer | 11-11-2017 04:43 pm Saturday

Self-acting machine tools that displaced hand dexterity so they could be operated by unskilled labourers were developed by Nasmyth in the 1840. Machine tools were automated with Numerical Control (NC) using punched paper tape in the 1950s. This soon evolved into computerised numerical control (CNC). NC is the greatest innovation in the achievement of machine tool automation in manufacturing. Then the machining centres and turning centres are integrated with their key modules into flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) and flexible manufacturing cells (FMC). NC part programming evolved from manual programming to the computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) system. Following technical innovations in advanced hardware and software systems of NC machine tools, future control systems led to intelligent CNC machine tools.

Answered By | 11-11-2017 04:43 pm Saturday
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Automation means many things, but in simple terms, what is automation in industry?
By Mr Ramani Iyer | 11-11-2017 04:39 pm Saturday
Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilisation of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention, with some processes have been completely automated. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, planes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. The benefit of automation includes labour savings, savings in energy costs, savings in material costs, and improvements to quality, accuracy and precision.
Answered By | 11-11-2017 04:39 pm Saturday
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